How to Store Batteries Long Term
Batteries are a big part of our daily lives, powering everything from remote controls to life-saving medical devices. So, understanding how to properly store them is not only a matter of convenience but also of safety. First we’ll look at the different types of batteries and their storage requirements and specific tips on how to store your batteries.
Understanding Different Types of Batteries
It is important to recognize that different types of batteries have different storage needs. The most common types include alkaline, lithium, and rechargeable batteries like NiMH (Nickel-Metal Hydride) and NiCd (Nickel-Cadmium). Each type has its unique features.
Alkaline batteries are your typical AA, AAA, C, D, and 9V batteries used in household items such as flashlights, toys, keyboards, computer equipment, televisions, radios, smoke alarms, and portable electronics. They are best stored in a cool, dry place.
Lithium-ion batteries are found in cameras, watches, cell phones, tablets, electric toothbrushes, electronic games, tools, even e-bikes. They usually used in high drain devices. These types of batteries prefer a cool, but not cold, storage environment. This type of battery needs a slightly different approach. These should be stored at a half-charge state never in its fully charged state.
Rechargeable batteries (NiMH and NiCd) can be a great cost saver when buying batteries. Portable devices, motorized wheelchairs, camera, calculators, and many other devices can use rechargeable batteries. Like non-rechargeable lithium-ion batteries they should be stored at a half-charged state.
Importance of Climate-Controlled Storage
When it comes to the question of whether climate controlled storage is necessary, the answer can depend on the battery type:
For alkaline and lithium batteries, a climate-controlled environment is ideal but not mandatory. They should be kept away from extreme temperatures and moisture to prevent leakage or capacity loss.
Rechargeable batteries, on the other hand, benefit significantly from climate-controlled conditions. Extreme temperature fluctuations can affect their charge retention and overall lifespan.
Long-Term Storage Tips
Long term storage of batteries is possible. Unopened batteries, in their original packaging can last several years, even decades safely stored away. Follow these long-term packing and storage tips for battery storage.
- Preparing Batteries for Storage
- Inspect your batteries
- Check for any signs of damage or corrosion. Damaged batteries should be recycled, not stored.
- Check charge state
- NiMH and NiCd batteries should be stored at around 40-50% charge.
- Proper Storage Conditions
- Cool, Dry, and Dark. Store batteries in a cool, dry, and dark place to prevent deterioration and leakage. A temperature around room temperature or slightly cooler is optimal.
- Use of Plastic Bags. Storing batteries in a Ziploc or other plastic bags can be effective, especially to prevent contact between battery terminals.
- Separate by Type and Charge
- Store different types of batteries in separate containers and group them according to their charge status. Label the outside box or tub for easy identification.
- Safety Precautions
- Keep away from children and pets. Batteries, if ingested, can be extremely harmful. The smaller the battery the more important it is to keep out of reach for both pets and children.
- Do not store in devices. Removing batteries from your devices will prevent damaging leaks.
- Proper disposal
Dispose of batteries that show any signs of leakage or damage immediately.
Regular Inspection and Maintenance
Just like anything you store in a storage unit, batteries require an occasional check in too. Inspect your stored batteries every few months for any signs of corrosion or leakage. This will ensure that any potential damaging issues can be caught early and maintain safety of all of your items and the storage space itself.
Fairfax City for Long or Short Term Storage
Whether it’s for everyday household items or critical emergency equipment, proper battery storage is a key component in maintaining their longevity and reliability. Understanding how to store batteries and how to store them long-term will keep your batteries in top shape. Contact Fairfax City Self Storage for all your storage needs. With units in various sizes ready and available we can safely store anything from bedding boats, to blow up pools. At Fairfax City Self Storage, we’ve got you and your stuff covered.
Contact us today we offer no hidden fees, 24-hour gate access, and all prices are guaranteed for a minimum of 12 months.